Proteins, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins, and water are necessary nutrients for a cavy, as they are for any human being. Choose and combine them carefully to provide your pets with a healthy food plan.
2) Grass Hay
4) Vegetables (daily)
5) Fruits (occasionally)
6) Vitamin C (if not getting enough through vegetables and fruits)
Healthy food plan, priority #2: Hay
Guinea pigs are grazing animals. It is highly recommended to provide your guinea pig with unlimited amounts of grass hay, primarily for three reasons:
- Guinea Pigs’ teeth are continually growing, so they need to be constantly grazing and grinding (hay) to prevent teeth from over growing.
- Eating the long hay strands keeps their digestive system moving, and in good health.
- They can’t get fat from hay, not significantly anyway. Hay is only a modest source of protein and nutrients.
- When buying, hay should smell really nice, and should be greenish in color. Buying a fresh grass hay from a local farm would be a good choice in most cases.
- Avoid buying dusty, brownish hay with neutral or bad smell. Your pet might even refuse to eat it.
- Be careful not to buy straw instead of the hay. Straw is brown, much harder than hay, and has virtually no nutritional value.